Agriculture Program

agriculture

Chin state is located in the north-western part of Myanmar, bordering with India and Bangladesh, with 10 highland townships. About 75% of the Chin land is hilly and mountainous, having an average altitude of 4,000 ft. Chin State consists of high mountains and deep valleys and is one of the poorest and most isolated states in Myanmar. Communication is very difficult. In addition, only a few villages can be accessed by car during the rainy season. This makes transportation of food and other commodities difficult and expensive. The main livelihood is agriculture: farmers make their living following the traditional slash and burn system of shifting agriculture. This farming practice is causing depletion of the forest, including in areas that are more densely populated. In general, cultivation of a few acres of land produces just enough to feed a family of five or six members. Investment in agriculture and infrastructure in Chin is limited. The state is remote and a lack of natural resources and tourism sites has meant that development support from central government and the private sector has been limited. Job opportunities in Government and Non-government organizations are also scarce and the majority of households thus rely on subsistence agriculture. External technical and financial assistance from International Organizations and NGOs is also limited.

CAD (Sub-office of Hnaring) has been serving (24 villages) in number of 15,428 populations of the bellowed mentioned villages in figure (1). It is a region which does not yield any natural resources. Lack of natural resources in this region has led the civilians to inconsiderable social conditions that the civilians have no access to income opportunities, to knowledge expansion and to training. CAD supported $ 400 per acre to farmers in the past two years. The size of our aid to farmers is extremely different in financial amount that villagers prefer our Green Revolution and Terracing Program. Additionally, our financial aid to farmers is grant. When our financial aid is big, farmers have no fear for what they will eat tomorrow or this year unless terracing farm does not produce food for a year. So our bigger aid of finance to terracing farmers gives them guarantee of their food for at least a year. On their side, they are wholeheartedly dedicated to our terracing farming system too.

Main purpose:

To improve livelihood and food-security of Rural Farmers
for their Sustainable Development

Specific purposes:

1) To reduce/protect forest depletion.
2) To prevent draught by planting trees in the forest.
3) To promote food security and create income opportunities of local people
4) To enhance capacity of farmers relevant to Agriculture.
5) To create more job or income opportunities for local people
6) To establish and maintain forest area
7) To improve agricultural knowledge and livelihood opportunities of local farmers.
8) To equip vocational knowledge of and enhance higher empowerment and development of local women

 

Sr. Name of Villages Households Families Populations Township
1. Hnaring (A) 245 204 1203 Thantlang
2. Hnaring (B) 144 147 839 Thantlang
3. Khuahrang 267 257 1765 Thantlang
4. Thang Aw 147 157 963 Thantlang
5. Fantheng 220 235 1203 Thantlang
6. Surngen 153 158 859 Thantlang
7. Tisen (A) 73 77 424 Thantlang
8. Tisen (B) 30 40 233 Thantlang
9. Sentung 50 54 248 Thantlang
10. Lungcuaipi (A) 25 35 154 Thantlang
11. Lungcuaipi (A) 84 89 427 Thantlang
12. Innhmunpi 61 66 372 Thantlang
13. Ngaphaipi 137 137 880 Thantlang
14. Ngaphaite 105 110 661 Thantlang
15. Hriangpi (B) 71 77 431 Matupi
16. Hriangpi (A) 53 53 316 Matupi
17. Sate 104 109 456 Matupi
18. Leikang 180 185 927 Matupi
19. Lawng thantlang 75 75 567 Matupi
20. Zin Ma 102 102 438 Matupi
21. Darling 73 73 424 Matupi
22. Capaw 98 98 543 Matupi
23. Ruava (A) and (B) 161 164 875 Matupi
24. Leipi 84 88 485 Hakha
Total 2,687 2,747 15,428

 

In our statistics, there are about 5,010 acres of shifting farming which is so-called slash and burn traditional farming system. Since 2009, CAD has already replaced 75 acres of terracing farms with OBOS’s funding. Our last two years’ program of GRTP covers only 1.49 % of current traditional farms. Majority of remaining farmers are also very eager to substitute their traditional farming with terracing farm because according to farmers, they will from CAD get $ 300 which is sufficient for one year’s food of a family and they will have better livelihood and better agriculture and they will be finally productive too. In CAD’s food-security report, eighty two percent (82%) of the sample reported currently being in debt and needing to repay their loan. The most common reason for undertaking a loan was to purchase food. The local people understands need of change of their farming from traditional to modern farming so that they will have more productive agricultural system which is also supportive for better environment of human society.

Local farmers are given agricultural training. Besides, CAD gives them Soil Test Kits with which they will be able to achieve the following issues;

1. Farmers especially terrace beneficiaries will easily access to know nutrient deficiency from their agricultural land by using soil test kit.
2. Farmers can manage quickly their land by composting and bio – fertilizer application.
3. Farmers maintain crop productivity in permanent terrace land by putting necessary bio-manuals and organic matter with utilization of the Soil Test Kit.
4. Farmers will easily access to know soil PH problem by using Soil test kit.
5. Farmers can good create soil to neutralized soil PH urgently.
6. Farmers will quickly recover or treat their lands of lost soil nutrients by using soil test kit from soil problem occurrence.

Achievements

1. Local farmers are entitled to permanent land ownership by authority.
2. They have access to knowledge expansion and agricultural training.
3. Their income is very much improved from this project because they are given US$ 300 per acre.
4. 100 numbers of women were given food processing training for their empowerment and development by hiring outside resource: Golden Plain Cooperative.
5. 275 men and 292 women were direct beneficiaries from our farming supports.
6. 2150 men and 2384 women (4534 villagers) had access to cash for work program of trees plantation.

Constraints

1. Target areas are very far from township seed and nursery farm as well as difficult to available tree seed seedlings.
2. Implemented terrace farms were scattered.
3. Target areas are very difficult to access with township, thus difficult to available forest and agricultural material.

Global View of Project Beneficiaries on Tree plantation

 

Sr. Implemented Village Township Implemented HHs Beneficiaries Total
Male Female
1 Le Kaing village Matupi 184 482 510 992
2 Sate village Matupi 110 298 375 673
3 Hriang Pi (A) village Matupi 50 124 130 254
4 Hriang Pi (B) village Matupi 81 262 261 523
5 Hnaring (A) village Thangtlang 245 570 633 1203
6 Hnaring (B) village Thangtlang 147 414 425 839

TOTAL

817

2150

2384

4534

Names of Terracing Farming Beneficiaries in 2010

 

Sr Village’s Name Farmers’ Name M F Family Size Wealth Ranking Land utilization
On Terrace
Cultivated crop
1 Hriang Pi U Moe Kyaw 3 3 6 D 1.0 Corn, Millet
2 U The Hmung 1 1 2 D 0.5 Corn, Yam
3 U Za Khe 3 4 7 D 1.0 Corn, Millet
4 U Phung Sang 4 4 8 D 1.0 Corn, Yam
5 U Kung Ku 2 5 7 D 0.5 Corn, Yam
6 Agape group 96 108 204 D 1.5 Ground nut
7 Sate U Phun Hmung 3 6 9 B 1.0 Corn, Millet
8 U Tin Mang 5 5 10 B 0.5 Corn, Millet
9 D Yone Kyi 1 2 3 D 0.5 Corn, Millet
10 U Sang Chin 7 3 10 C 1.0 Corn, Millet
11 U Thla Tu 10 6 16 B 1.0 Corn, Millet
12 U Hmung Tial 2 4 6 C 1.0 Corn, Millet
13 U Thla Nua 4 4 8 C 1.0 Corn, Millet
14 U Si Mang 2 3 5 C 0.5 Corn, Millet
15 Daw Dar Zung 2 2 4 B 0.5 Corn, Millet
16 Leikang U Za Bia 2 8 10 C 1.0 Corn, Orange
17 U Ria Dung 1 0 1 C 2.0 Corn, Orange
18 U Kar Lian 2 1 3 C 1.0 Corn, Orange
19 U Law Hmung 1 4 5 C 1.0 Corn, Orange
20 U Khin Tial 5 2 7 C 1.0 Corn, Orange
21 U Lei Hre 2 3 5 C 1.0 Corn, Orange
22 U Di Hrang 1 3 4 C 1.0 Corn, Orange
23 U Rung Tar 4 3 7 C 1.0 Corn, Orange
24 U Mang Cing 5 5 10 C 1.0 Corn, Orange
25 D Tin Kyar 3 3 6 C 1.0 Corn, Orange
26 Hnaring U Thang Pe 4 6 10 C 1.0 Corn,Cofffee
27 U Ngoun Khar 3 4 7 C 0.5 Corn,Banana
28 Tisen (A) U Thla Bil 2 2 4 C 1.0 Corn, Millet
29 U Pa Cin 4 2 6 B 1.0 Corn, Millet
30 U Hua Cing 2 0 2 C 1.0 Corn, Millet
31 U Te Mang 3 3 6 C 1.0 Corn, Millet
32 U Tluang Hre 2 2 4 C 1.0 Corn, Millet
33 U Kung Te 4 2 6 C 0.5 Corn, Millet
34 U Dua Tin 5 2 5 C 0.5 Corn, Millet
35 U Hia Mang 3 5 8 C 1.0 Corn, Millet
36 U Dal Lue 4 4 8 C 1.0 Corn, Millet
37 U Thla Thang 3 4 7 C 1.0 Corn, Millet
38 U Cin Bel 5 3 8 C 0.5 Corn, Millet
39 U Cing UK 2 3 5 C 0.5 Corn, Millet
40 U Aung Lin 2 5 7 C 1.0 Corn, Millet
41 U Bawi Nawl 3 4 7 B 1.0 Corn, Millet
42 Tisen (B) U Sang Lung 4 6 10 C 1.0 Corn, Millet
43 U Ri Hrang 3 5 8 C 1.0 Corn, Millet
44 U Khar Tung 3 4 7 C 1.0 Corn, Millet
45 U Chia UK 3 1 4 C 1.0 Corn, Millet
46 U Hrang UK 8 2 10 B 1.0 Corn, Millet
47 D Zaa Sone 1 1 2 D 1.0 Corn, Millet
48 U Lian Khoi 5 3 8 C 1.0 Corn, Millet
49 U Hri Mang 5 4 9 C 1.0 Corn, Millet
50 D Zing Cing 5 3 8 C 1.0 Corn, Millet
51 U Se Mang 4 6 10 C 0.5 Corn, Millet
52 U Chia Hmung 3 3 6 B 1.0 Corn, Millet
53 U Dar Thang 3 3 6 C 1.0 Corn, Millet
54 U Siang Kung 4 6 10 C 1.0 Corn, Millet
55 U UK Bawi 2 2 4 C 0.5 Corn, Millet
275 292 565

Name of Terracing Farmers in 2009

 

NO. Name Village Name Name of Townships Number of acres Remarks
1 U Za Khia Hnaring Thangtlang 0.50
2 Daw Phan Sung Hnaring Thangtlang 0.50
3 Pastor Tisen (B) Thangtlang 1.00
4 U Bawi Hring Tisen (B) Thangtlang 2.00
5 U Shwe Pong Tisen (B) Thangtlang 1.00
6 U Hre Lang/tdTisen Tisen (A) Thangtlang 2.00
7 Pastor Min Hu Sentung Thangtlang 2.00
8 U Hlaw Sung Sentung Thangtlang 2.00
9 U Thla Hre Sentung Thangtlang 2.00
10 U Hrang Thar Sentung Thangtlang 2.00
11 U Khua Hnin Thang Fantheng Thangtlang 2.00
12 U Khin Tial Leikang Matupi 1.00
13 U Cho Liang Leikang Matupi 1.00
14 U Bawi Saw Leikang Matupi 1.00
15 U Phung Hmung ate Matupi 0.50
16 U Lang Tling Hriangpi (A) Matupi 1.00
17 U Ngun Hla Hriangpi (A) Matupi 1.00
18 U Lein Aung Hriangpi (A) Matupi 1.00
19 U Ngung Mya Hriangpi (A) Matupi 1.00
20 U Yoe Uk Hriangpi (A) Matupi 1.00
21 U Kha Mang Hriangpi (A) Matupi 1.00
22 U Moe Kyaw Hriangpi (B) Matupi 1.00
23 U Sang Uk Hriangpi (B) Matupi 1.00
24 U Hla Paing Hriangpi (B) Matupi 2.00
Total Acres of Terracing farms 30.50

 

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Contact Us

7/Floor, Room (705) Kantaayar Plaza, Kannaa Road,

Kyimyindaing, Yangon, Myanmar.

 

Email: cad.yangon@gmail.com,

josephwin@gmail.com, cad.director@gmail.com

 

Phone: + 95-1-9317163
Mobile: 09-5040477, 09-421006741,

0973100973

Donation

Account Name
Community Agency for Rural Development

 

Name of Bank and Address
Myanma Apex Bank
No. (207), Theinbyu Road (Middle Block),
Botathaung, Yangon, Myanmar.

 

A/C Number:  996 02 15996007447016
 Swift Code:  MMABMMMY

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